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According to textile historians, chenille-type yarn is a recent invention, dating to the 18th century and believed to have originated in France. The original technique involved weaving a “leno” fabric and then cutting the fabric into strips to make the chenille yarn.
Alexander Buchanan, a foreman in a Paisley fabric mill, is credited with introducing chenille fabric to Scotland in the 1830s. Here he developed a way to weave fuzzy shawls. Tufts of coloured wool were woven together into a blanket that was then cut into strips. They were treated by heating rollers in order to create the frizz. This resulted in a very soft, fuzzy fabric named chenille. Another Paisley shawl manufacturer went on to further develop the technique. James Templeton and William Quigley worked to refine this process while working on imitation oriental rugs. The intricate patterns used to be difficult to reproduce by automation, but this technique solved that issue. These men patented the process but Quigley soon sold out his interest. Templeton then went on to open a successful carpet company that became a leading manufacturer throughout the 19th and 20th centuries.
In the 1920s and 1930s, Dalton in Northwest Georgia became the tufted bedspread capital of the US thanks to Catherine Evans (later adding Whitener) who initially revived the handcraft technique in the 1890s. Hand-tufted bedspreads with an embroidered appearance became increasingly popular and were referred to as “chenille” a term which stuck. With effective marketing, chenille bedspreads appeared in city department stores and tufting subsequently became important to the economic development of North Georgia, maintaining families even through the Depression era. Merchants organised “spread houses” where products tufted on farms were finished using heat washing to shrink and “set” the fabric. Trucks delivered pattern-stamped sheets and dyed chenille yarns to families for tufting before returning to pay the tufters and collect the spreads for finishing. By this time, tufters all over the state were creating not only bedspreads but pillow shams and mats and selling them by the highway. The first to make a million dollars in the bedspread business, was Dalton County native, B. J. Bandy with the help of his wife, Dicksie Bradley Bandy, by the late 1930s, to be followed by many others.
In the 1930s, usage for the tufted fabric became widely desirable for throws, mats, bedspreads, and carpets, but not as yet, apparel. Companies shifted handwork from the farms into factories for greater control and productivity, encouraged as they were to pursue centralized production by the wage and hour provisions of the National Recovery Administration’s tufted bedspread code. With the trend towards mechanization, adapted sewing machines were used to insert raised yarn tufts.
Chenille became popularized for apparel again with commercial production in the 1970s.
Standards of industrial production were not introduced until the 1990s, when the Chenille International Manufacturers Association (CIMA) was formed with the mission to improve and develop the manufacturing processes. From the 1970s each machine head made two chenille yarns straight onto bobbins, a machine could have over 100 spindles (50 heads). Giesse was one of the first major machine manufacturers. Giesse acquired Iteco company in 2010 integrating the chenille yarn electronic quality control directly on their machine. Chenille fabrics are also often used in Letterman jackets also known as “varsity jackets”, for the letter patches.
Technological innovation, a basic of industry transformation, is pivotal to the success of the textile and garment industry.
ITMA is the trendsetting textile & garment technology platform where the industry converges every four years to explore fresh ideas, effective solutions and collaborative partnerships for business growth. The upcoming ITMA will be held from 20 to 26 June 2019 in Barcelona at Fira De Barcelona, Gran Via.
ITMA 2019 provides an unrivalled marketplace and knowledge platform. It is expected to feature:
200,000 square metres of gross exhibition space
Over 1,500 exhibitors from some 45 countries
Visitorship of over 100,000 from about 140 countries
Tonello Energie born from the industrial tradition of Tonello Srl, a leading worldwide since 1981 in the manufacture of textile machinery.
Tonello Energie was founded in 2008 by the union of skilled professionals who have developed considerable expertise in the field of photovoltaic and hydroelectric power plants. In a few years Tonello Energie has become the EPC contractor of reference in the field of renewable energy, through knowledge, experience, professionalism, reliability.
The projects of photovoltaic systems, hydro and biomass created by Tonello Energie enable the production of clean energy in large quantities, totally careful to the reliability and energy efficiency. Tonello Energie sets its foundation on the Company Code of Ethics and on the values that guide method, transparency, respect, team spirit, ability to change, continuing education and safety.
The EPC Contractor, already widely used in the construction industry today is also applied in the renewable energy sector because it offers significant advantages to the investor company. With this contractual agreement Tonello Energie assumes responsibility for the project in all its phases, serving as a single point of contact for the investor. Tonello Energie is aimed at Groups Financial Institutions, Companies, small and medium-sized enterprises, private investors, Italians and foreigners who want to invest in photovoltaic systems, with the guarantee of being able to realize the maximum return on their investment. Such companies or entities may therefore rely on a qualified and skilled group capable of performing quality work, safely and without the risk arising from changing market conditions. Tonello Energie is present throughout the national territory with a hundred operators located in 2 locations, one in Veneto and the other in Puglia. The central headquarters of Fara Vicentino (VI) co-ordinates its activities in strong growth in Italy and Eastern Europe.
KARL MAYER Technische Textilien will be exhibiting as a strong partner to the composites sector
KARL MAYER Technische Textilien GmbH Technical Textiles is an expert and highly committed partner to the composites sector, and will be demonstrating this once again at the next JEC World show, to be held from 14 to 16 March 2017 in Paris.
For the duration of this leading global composites fair, this textile machinery manufacturer can be found in hall 5A on stand N 54 of the Paris Nord Villepinte Exhibition Centre. Here, the guests of KARL MAYER Technische Textilien can look forward to having some interesting conversations. They will also be able to network and gather information on what the company has to offer. KARL MAYER Technische Textilien is offering the COP MAX 4 and COP MAX 5 multiaxial warp knitting machines for the production of high-performance composites. The COP MAX 4 is a flexible, all-round machine for producing multilayered, multiaxial structures having angles of from maximal +20° to -20°. The COP MAX 5 is the machine of choice for processing carbon fibres in particular. This machine enables multiaxial textiles having very low weights per unit area to be produced, and the fibre material can either be delivered online or offline. For the offline version, KARL MAYER Technische Textilien can also supply the UD 700 spreading unit for spreading the fibre tapes.
Dear business partner,
You have had the possibility to use our WEBSHOP SPARE PARTS for more than one year now.
We would like to take this opportunity to express our best thanks to you for the confidence you have placed in us, for the ever increasing number of orders as well as for your constructive and helpful feedback.
Loyalty should be rewarded. Therefore, we have decided to continue the 2% online discount promotion for WEBSHOP orders for the entire year 2017.
To ensure that we provide a comprehensive service, we offer the options Order and Inquiry in our WEBSHOP. You can directly order all the parts which can be selected in the “catalog”. Or you can inquire all the other articles via our WEBSHOP by indicating the respective material number or by selecting the article from our stored spare parts catalog.
Do you already know about our new online pattern disc ordering?
Under the tab “Pattern discs/pattern chains” you will be guided through the ordering process in an uncomplicated and self-explanatory way.
Try it out! Should you need more information about our WEBSHOP,
Tel.: 0049 6104 402 1475
We are looking forward to receiving your orders and inquiries in our WEBSHOP SPARE PARTS.
Vice President Spare Parts